Creating Community Through Neighborhood Environment Monitoring

New Orleans, Louisiana

Featured image for the project, Creating Community Through Neighborhood Environment Monitoring

Image courtesy of Sustainia

Results

Project Results  

Project Title: Creating Community Through Neighborhood Environment Monitoring

Location: New Orleans, Louisiana

The Team:

  • Julia Kumari Drapkin, CEO and Founder, ISeeChange, julia [at] iseechange.org
  • Brendan Yuill, Research Scientist, The Water Institute of the Gulf; and Adjunct Professor, Tulane University, byuill [at] thewaterinstitute.org
  • Brandon Edwards, (Former) Postdoctoral researcher, Louisiana State University

 

The Initial Challenge

Gentilly is a historic New Orleans district built on what was once the floodplains of Lake Pontchartrain. Most of Gentilly is below sea level with some areas as low as six feet.Even routine storms can cause major flooding there. The city is planning green infrastructure projects to alleviate flooding, but if the models show whole neighborhoods under water, where should they focus their efforts? Further, designers and modelers are working with data that could be outdated or lack crucial details, particularly granularity and community context. How do specific locations react to extreme rain events? How do you find out?

 

Methods

To answer these questions, the New Orleans ISeeChange-TEX project team designed and launched a community investigation that coupled citizen science with the stories of how community members were affected by flooding. The project, which coincided with the rainiest spring-summer on record in New Orleans, engaged residents and scientists to produce ground-truthed data (i.e. data produced by direct observation) and study the impacts of neighborhood flooding in a level of detail remote sensing and models cannot achieve.

The community-led investigation was housed on the ISeeChange platform. There, residents reported observations, including detailed impacts of flooding, photographs, and precipitation totals, around their homes. ISeeChange also set up 15 flood comment boxes – with paper pop-up surveys – to recruit residents in the most flood prone neighborhoods. Within two weeks, the community reported over 158 trouble spots including several that hadn’t been previously identified. Participants also offered contact information and volunteered to help monitor flooding.

As flood posts were collected on ISeeChange’s platform, the project team analyzed the correlation between flood events and types of storms, and compared it to the city’s modeled data. The team partnered with one resident at a particularly flood-prone intersection to develop a community-sourced method to groundtruth the modeled flooding outside her home. A manual rain gauge and timelapse camera were used to document rain events and drainage rates in detail.

To complete this work, the team met bi-monthly, both in person and over the phone, to review the project objectives and develop methods. TEX project volunteers were local, able to spend time getting to know the ISeeChange team, and made site visits to the flooding hotspots to get detailed GPS measurements. In addition to the two team hydrologists, the ISeeChange team recruited and interviewed meteorologists from the National Weather Service , modelers from the Lower Mississippi River Forecast Center, water architects, and green infrastructure engineers to provide feedback on our methods, our data quality, and the value of our efforts.

 

Results

The output generated by this collaboration was a co-produced methodology which enables residents to help ground truth flood maps and provide granularity that’s valuable to modelers, engineers, designers, the City and the National Weather Service. The development of these methods in sync with the deployment of HUD-funded green infrastructure investments creates baselines of flooding per storm recurrence intervals, but also presents opportunities to evaluate the impacts of stormwater mitigation efforts later. Finally, the data collection method also has the unique ability to provide qualitative details of the lived experience at scales that are often missing from models and remote sensing data.

The TEX-ISeeChange team produced a hydrograph to communicate results and presented the work several times at the American Geophysical Fall Meeting in panels, workshops, presentations, and posters. Using a mix of journalism stories, live story events, pop-up block party exhibits, and street art interventions, the results of the effort were creatively shared back to the community detailing the results.

Ultimately, the team found that the modeled flood data doesn’t adequately capture the severity of the impacts at flooding hotspots, nor does it reflect the amount of traffic that passes through the intersection. The failure of modeled data to provide the needed granularity to target solutions  extends to the wider community as well. Like Gentilly residents, many New Orleans residents experience flooding during average storm events, and many streets take minutes to flood, but hours to drain.

This project has implications for scientists, planners, residents, and the City itself.  The project demonstrated that scientists can directly partner with residents and external collaborators to co-develop research that is responsive to community needs and doesn’t sacrifice data quality. This project also demonstrated the effectiveness of a new methodology for engaging community members in highly contextualized observation and micro-data collection. The collection of this baseline data provides previously unavailable clarity and direction for planning agencies planning to make large investments in the neighborhood. Now, green infrastructure designers can better target solutions, as well as evaluate the impacts of stormwater projects.  

Through engaging in this initiative, residents became more informed about flood risk while documenting storms – this was evident in language and data references used in posts on the ISeeChange platform.

Recognizing the value of ground truth data alongside the education and outreach value of the effort, the city has asked ISeeChange to distribute 300 rain gauges throughout New Orleans to scale out this method.

 

Next Steps

The success of the project has led the ISeeChange team to invest in new flood monitoring tool development on their platform, allowing the method to scale to new communities.

This work was time intensive. The team is now considering how can they scale up the initiative without sacrificing quality.

The relationship between ISeeChange and the Tulane Bywater Institute has strengthened on multiple fronts and the groups would welcome additional opportunities to collaborate again on local resilience projects in the City of New Orleans or on the Gulf Coast.

 

Reflections

Things that contributed to success of the project:

  • Experienced team members open to collaborating with residents and developing new methods
  • Proximity allowed the entire team to meet frequently and visit project area–especially helpful in developing something new
  • We picked a record breaking year to focus on flooding

Things the team might do differently if they were to do it over again:

  • We would have interviewed users of our data earlier in the process
  • We would have asked residents to report “non-flooding” events as well as flooding events

Advice for people pursuing similar community science projects:

  • Continue experimenting and talking to people until you land on the right methods for what you are hoping to achieve. Don’t settle for data collection–target a decision you want the data and the effort to help support.
  • Engage with community residents early in the process to assess volunteer availability and capabilities, which provides valuable input for developing practical limits on data collection methods.

 

Read More:

New Orleans Flooding Case Study (Presented at 2017 AGU Fall Meeting)

May 2018 Feature in PhysicsWorld (Video)

ISeeChange “Deep Dive”

 

Description

ISeeChange is an enterprise whose mission is to connect communities to each other and their changing environment. They provide engagement tools for communities to empower participants with their own stories and data to investigate the impacts of climate change. The organization is launching a neighborhood pilot program in the Gentilly Resilience District New Orleans to further the climate resilience and creative placemaking efforts of the Trust for Public Land, the City of New Orleans, and other resilience partners.

Specifically, ISeeChange is launching a flood and subsidence investigation in the Gentilly Resilience District of New Orleans to inform planned green and blue infrastructure projects to manage stormwater under a multi-million dollar grant from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. This neighborhood investigation will be a citizen science effort and include residents documenting their personal experiences alongside collected data (weather, temperature, etc.).

ISeeChange is developing a multidisciplinary project team to advise on, co-design and implement the project, including ISeeChange staff, scientific experts (e.g. subsidence and urban meteorology), local journalists, and community members, but additional expertise is needed.

The scientists engaging on this project, Brendan Yuill and Brendan Edwards, will collaborate with Julia Drapkin to inform the investigation design and contribute to the analysis of collected data and observations. Their input will ensure that the information collected through this effort is actionable, scientifically valid and useful. (For an example of an ISeeChange community investigation, see their Harlem Heat project.)

As a result of this project, the development and analysis of the ISeeChange Gentilly Resilience District pilot project will be informed by a scientific understanding of the community’s hydrology. Information concerning the most innovative, scalable work on flooding will be brought to bear on this effort.

The ISeeChange Gentilly Resilience District pilot project will facilitate community engagement in the collection of baseline data needed to finalize and implement green and blue infrastructure designs in New Orleans, and the integration of their personal experiences into the process. By collecting this data via citizen science, the people affected by local flooding will become more connected to each other and their environment.

Updates

Lessons in Resilience: Living with Water in New Orleans

Water—and sometimes, flooding—is a fact of life for residents and planners in the city of New Orleans. Water has shaped the city’s infrastructure, history and culture for 300 years.

In a four-hour field trip organized as part of AGU’s 2017 Fall Meeting, journalists, public information officers and others got a first-hand look at the water-related challenges New Orleans faces—and some of the innovative ways the city is taking those challenges on.

The trip was organized by ISeeChange, an AGU partner and the nation’s first community crowdsourced climate and weather journal. The organization works to empower community voices, data and perspectives in adaptation decisions in New Orleans. ISeeChange representatives led the tour along with local scientists and other experts.

“Our destinations follow the way water flows from New Orleans’ historic core to its outer boundaries, where we are experimenting with new ways to live with water, rather than treat it as an existential threat,” explains ISeeChange CEO and Founder Julia Kumari Drapkin. “Our goal was for participants to walk away from the tour with a new understanding of the geography, culture and resilience innovations that the city is pioneering.”

The tour centered around the Gentilly Resilience District, an initiative designed to reduce risk from flooding and subsidence and encourage neighborhood revitalization. Participants visited large-scale infrastructure projects such as drainage and pump stations, and heard neighborhood stories from the rainiest summer on record in New Orleans. They also visited spots where local residents are prototyping citizen science flood monitoring systems, saw demonstrations of new tools and solutions for planning smart cities and saw where the London Avenue Canal breached after Hurricane Katrina in 2005, with devastating results.

“With recent flooding events, water has become an aspect of urban life that residents fear,” says Drapkin. “This tour focuses on how the city’s urban landscape is defined by water and how urban architects and the city are attempting to redefine that relationship, not only with infrastructure solutions, but also through our cultural approach to living with water.”

Experts and speakers included green infrastructure architects from Waggoner and Ball, representatives from the city’s Sewerage and Water Board and the Office of Resilience, experts from the National Weather Service, scientists from the Tulane Bywater Institute, and local residents.   

The field trip is just the latest outcome of an ongoing partnership between ISeeChange and AGU. Through Thriving Earth Exchange, the organizations have worked to pilot a flood monitoring project in the Gentilly Resilience District. Find the latest on that project here.

All updates for this project

Project Team

Community Lead

Julia Kumari Drapkin is the executive producer and founder of iSeeChange.org. She is a radio, television, and multimedia producer based in New Orleans with a passion for finding innovative ways to connect people to their environment and to each other. iSeeChange was born out of covering natural disasters and climate change science across the globe and in her own backyard. Drapkin has worked as the Senior Science Reporter for The Nature Conservancy; a foreign correspondent and environmental radio reporter for PRI’s The World and Global Post in South America; as a photojournalist for the Associated Press in South Asia and the St. Petersburg Times; and most recently as a multimedia producer for the Times Picayune.

Scientific Partners

Brandon Edwards’ background is in coastal, aeolian and floodplain geomorphology, coastal and wetland hydrology, and remote sensing. His research focuses on studying geomorphic and hydrologic processes to better understand landscape development, the role of physical processes in ecosystem function, and how natural and anthropogenic modifications drive change. Brandon has been with the School of Renewable Natural Resources at the Louisiana State University Agricultural Center since 2011 and is currently on contract as a Coastal Geomorphologist with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Environmental Lab working on projects to improve coastal restoration strategies.

 

Brendan Yuill is a research scientist with the non-profit, the Water Institute of the Gulf. His research interests span engineering geomorphology and watershed hydrology using both field-based and numerical methods. Recently, he has worked on projects relating to coastal restoration along the Gulf Coast with focus on land building sediment diversions and managing the impact of sand dredging on rivers. He is particularly interested in developing novel data streams useful for long-term, low-cost environmental monitoring. Brendan holds an adjunct position at Tulane University and received his PhD in watershed management and ecohydrology at the University of Arizona.

Collaborating Organization(s)