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A values-focused approach for community conversations about the economy, environment, and well-being

San Juan Basin, Colorado

Featured image for the project, A values-focused approach for community conversations about the economy, environment, and well-being

Located in Southwest Colorado, Durango can be described as “where the desert meets the mountains.” Durango and regional communities face intersecting concerns around public and environmental health, climate change impacts, and gentrification and development. Public and environmental health organizations in Durango seek to create an equitable, values-focused space for connection and collaboration to understand and respond to environmental health issues, such as water contamination, fire, decreasing snowpack and the COVID-19 pandemic that affect the economy and well-being of communities. Towards this aim, they plan to conduct a series of facilitated forums with community members and scientists.


Community Fellow and Durango resident Heidi Steltzer and Adrian Uzunian, Director of Public Health Innovation at San Juan Basin Public Health, are working together to create a series of forums or conversations among diverse stakeholders.

These will include community members who work in local industries (such as ranchers, trail guides and oil industry employees), local NGOs and government officials, and business owners. Participants will have the opportunity to have facilitated discussions with one another about Colorado’s health and environmental priorities, with a focus on snow and water resources. Scientists from the Colorado Local Science Engagement Network will also be present to listen, answer questions, build relationships with community members, and take what they learn to meetings with Colorado policymakers planned for the spring of 2022.

As Steltzer puts it, Durango has, “an incredible wealth of expertise” from those who hunt, farm and recreate on the landscape, but less access to credentialed expertise in hydrology, drought vulnerability, and other concerns pertaining to water resources and the environment. Part of the goal is to bring these two forms of expertise together in an appropriate way, and determine how the communities priorities for economy and well-being can be supported by environmental science insights about snow and water resources. Is there a path forward from where we are towards a values-focused environmental council in which citizens contribute regional environmental and cultural knowledge to decision-makers.

The overarching goal is to create space for community conversations and values-focused planning before environmental and public health crises happen (instead of having to build a plan amidst the crisis), facilitating equitable outcomes for the entire community that also benefit the environment.

The project team is also planning a survey in partnership with the Climate Cost Project for forum participants, to gather information and understanding about climate impacts in the region.

About the Community

Bordering the tribal lands of the Ute Mountain Ute Tribe, Southern Ute Tribe and Navajo Nation, Durango is a well-known city in the Southwestern United States. It resides among diverse ecosystems and culturally significant natural areas, including the Ancient Pueblo ancestral sites at Mesa Verde National Park, San Juan National Forest, and the Animas River.

The community has faced several environmental and public health challenges in recent years:

  • In 2015, 3 million gallons of acidic drainage water contaminated with heavy metals spilled out of Gold King Mine into the Animas River, a tributary of the San Juan River, turning the water orange and prompting officials to close the river. Even after federal officials deemed the water safe, Navajo Nation communities refused to risk using it for irrigation on their traditional agricultural lands and subsequently lost crops. The spill’s impacts and water safety continue to be a community concern.
  • In 2018, Southwest Colorado experienced two major wildfires, the Burro and 416 fires, which burned 55,000 acres of land, forcing residents and businesses to evacuate, air quality to plummet, and causing millions of dollars in damage and lost revenue, along with lasting impacts to public and environmental health.
  • And beginning in 2020, Durango along with the rest of the United States has been weathering the public health and economic fallout of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Tourism grew during the pandemic as Durango became a popular destination for socially distant outdoor activities like hiking and camping. This has consequently accelerated gentrification in Durango and surrounding communities. Oil and gas and other extractive industries have been a predominant industry since settlers came to the region, with historic and ongoing environmental impacts. Reconciling the past and preparing for well-being necessitates equitable opportunities to share the diverse perspectives within the region about economy, environment and well-being.

Project Team

Community Science Fellow

Heidi Steltzer

Dr. Heidi Steltzer lives in Durango, Colorado and is a dedicated environmental scientist, science storyteller, and mountain and Arctic expert. She has conducted field studies in remote regions of Colorado, Alaska and Greenland to understand how mountain ecosystems are unique and valued regions of our world. She is a lead author on High Mountain Areas in a recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report.

Community Lead

Adrian Uzunian

Adrian is the Director of Public Health Innovation at San Juan Basin Public Health, managing and participating in local projects that address behavioral health. Adrian values the power of rural communities to strengthen society and has worked on several projects throughout his career that have a focus on sustainability, including promoting local food, reforestation efforts, and helping to start a greenhouse operation.

Collaborating Organization(s)

Colorado Local Science Engagement Network

The Colorado Local Science Engagement Network (CO-LSEN) is a collaboration between the Cooperative Institute of Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES) at the University of Colorado Boulder and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

CO-LSEN aims to empower scientists to speak on behalf of science-based solutions with local policymakers and create a space for policymakers to engage with the science community.

CO-LSEN aims to bring relevant and timely science to bear on policy decisions at the local and state levels so that policies are better suited to address challenges related to climate change, sustainability, technology adoption, and natural resource management in Colorado. It also intends to build and foster a new contingent of scientists in Colorado who are strongly engaged in identifying opportunities and relationships for bringing science into the policy realm.