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Analyzing Species Survival for Mississippi River Divergence Project

Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana

Featured image for the project, Analyzing Species Survival for Mississippi River Divergence Project

Image from pixabay.com

Description

The state of Louisiana and the Army Corps of Engineers have proposed the “Mid-Barataria Sediment Diversion” project, which will divert part of the Mississippi River through New Orleans to Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana. While the divergence is necessary to rebuild lost coastline, it will cause major disruptions to the local fishing community.

Plaquemines Parrish, home to Asian and African American fishing communities, suffers devastating floods with even the slightest rise in storm surges. As climate change continues to drive rising sea levels and more intense and frequent hurricanes, rural communities living on the coast must fight a loss of coastline, disruptions to utility services, and constant struggles to maintain their livelihoods.

In order to address this issue and help restore coastal land areas, the state of Louisiana and the Army Corps of Engineers have developed a plan to divert the Mississippi River and its sediment to restore lost coastal land. As with all large projects, there are impacts that will have negative effects.  For local fishing communities, this impact will manifest in the loss of the entire oyster crop and brown shrimp.  Louisiana is the leading oyster producing state in the U.S., which contributes $35 million worth of dockside value.  White and brown shrimp are the backbone of a $2 billion shrimp industry in Louisiana, but the divergence project will destroy the habitat of brown shrimp.

The Coastal Community Consulting, Inc., a 501 c 3 dedicated to the concerns and needs of fisherman in and around Plaquemines Parrish, seeks assistance in addressing concerns surrounding the Divergence Project. Specifically, they hope to understand how the sediment diversion will affect the oysters and shrimp fisherman rely on to make a living.  If fisherman can continue to provide a living for themselves and their families based on the new species that will thrive in the new aquatic environment, the disruption to their lives will be minimized.  If not, plans must be developed to provide options for the people in these communities to continue to survive.

The Project

In collaboration with the Community and College Partners Program (C2P2), this Thriving Earth Exchange project has three main goals: (1) understand how the sediment divergence project will affect the current oyster and shrimp populations that sustain fisherman today, (2) characterize the species that will be viable for fishing after the completion of the divergence project, and (3) develop a comprehensive management plan that details how the fishing community should respond to the divergence impacts.

The Mississippi Divergence project will occur, and the local communities understand the need for a sediment diversion that will protect their coastline. Ultimately, we hope to provide the community with a better understanding of the project’s impact on their homes and livelihoods that will allow them to make more informed decisions for their families and community.

Project outputs should include:

  • A report detailing the effects of the divergence on oyster and shrimp crops
  • A biological assessment of viable species post-divergence
  • A comprehensive management plan outlining how the community should respond and what resources are available to support the local fishing businesses

 

Timeline:

Fall 2021

  • As part of an engineering and design course, Dr. Stephanie Smallegan will begin to consider short- and long-term impacts of the diversion project and identify solutions to mitigate those impacts on oyster and shrimp crops
  • Barra will begin the development of the management plan

Spring 2022

  • Students at the University of South Alabama will finish assessment of the diversion project impacts
  • April 2022: Army Corps of Engineers will finalize their permits and authorization decisions regarding the diversion project

Fall 2022

  • Barra will complete the draft management plan

Project Team

Community Lead

Sandy Nguyen – Executive Director of Coastal Communities Consulting, Inc.

  • Sandy is a leader in the Plaquemines Parrish fishing community as serves as the main point of contact for the community.

 

Community Scientists

Dr. Stephanie Smallegan – Assistant Professor at the University of South Alabama

  • Dr. Smallegan is leading a team of senior engineering students to estimate the diversion project’s impacts and solutions that mitigate those impacts

Dr. Monica Barra – Assistant Professor at the University of South Carolina

  • Dr. Barra will develop the comprehensive management plan for the community.

 

Partner

Mike Burns – Executive Director of Community and College Partners Program

  • Mike plays a large role in connecting the communities with college and university partners. Mike makes sure all partners prioritize community needs above all else.

 

Community Science Fellow

Lienne Sethna – Thriving Earth Exchange Community Science Fellow

  • Lienne works directly with community leaders and project partners to ensure community needs are met and project timelines stay on track.

Scientist Wanted

The impacts on current species will be determined; however, as the divergence creates new coastal areas what species might thrive in areas that are now a combination of salt and fresh water or, in some cases, all salt water?  Will these species provide a viable sure of income for the oyster and shrimp fishermen?

We seek scientists who understand coastal ecosystems, can analyze ecologic and hydrologic data, and respect and appreciate traditional knowledge. Specifically, we need scientists who can provide the following information:

  • What amount of salt water will replace the fresh water that currently supports the life cycle of oysters and brown shrimp?
  • What species can survive based on the new condition of the water, and are the viable enough to sustain the economy of the local fishing communities?

Scientists with the experience and expertise to answer these questions will work closely with the community and the other community scientists to help prepare reports and presentations detailing the effects of the divergence project on the local fisheries. While collaboration will be necessary, remote participation is fine as long as the scientist can reasonably answer the community’s questions.

 

Thriving Earth Exchange asks all scientific partners to work with the community to help define a project with concrete local impact to which they can contribute as pro-bono volunteers and collaborators. This work can also position the scientists and communities to seek additional funding, together, for the next stage.

Interested in volunteering as a scientist? Apply now!

Collaborating Organization(s)

Community and College Partners Program (C2P2)

Environmental Defense Fund